Wednesday, 28 June 2017

Department of Agricultural Technology, Federal Polytechnic Oko, Anambra state, Nigeria

International Journal of Agriculture is  Rank # 1 in World. 


International Journal of Agriculture is  World's Most Read Journal in the area of Agriculture and World's Highest Authority to publish peer reviewed research articles. Celebrating the Grand Leadership among all agricultural journals International Journal of Agriculture is inviting Research articles for Photon Innovations 2017 and Photon Research Awards. Submit us your research at photonjournal@yahoo.com for international peer reviewed publication. Peer review process takes approx 10 days. Accepted manuscripts are published within month instantly. 

Submit Your Manuscripts at: photonjournal@yahoo.com

Submission of eBooks and eBook Chapters/ Thesis: photonjournal@yahoo.com



Constraints to Rural Women in Family Farming in Benue State, Nigeria 


Mbah E.N.*a, Ezeano C.Ib, Onwusika A.I.c 


a Department of Agricultural Extension and Communication, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria

Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria 

c Department of Agricultural Technology, Federal Polytechnic Oko, Anambra state, Nigeria 


Keywords: 

Constraints, rural women, family, farming, Nigeria Abbreviations: FAO, NPC 


All Rights Reserved with Photon. Photon Ignitor: ISJN77582463D851728062017 


Citation:

Mbah E.N.*, Ezeano C.I, Onwusika A.I., 2017. Constraints to Rural Women in Family Farming in Benue State, Nigeria. International Journal of Agriculture. Photon 128, 436-441 


Abstract 

The study analyzed constraints to rural women in family farming in Benue state, Nigeria. Data were collected from a sample of one hundred and eighteen (118) respondents using questionnaire. Frequency, percentage, mean score and factor analysis were used for analyzing data collected for the study. Results indicate that the respondents obtained information mostly from informal sources which include friends (95.8%), relatives (95.8%), family members (93.2%), neighbors (77.1%), among others. Major constraints to rural women in family farming as indicated by the respondents include poor road network (M=4.86), poor extension agent-farmer contact (M=4.64), high incidence of pests and disease infestation (M=4.58), inadequate transport facilities (M=4.57), unavailability of labor saving technologies (M=4.57), low prices of farm produce (M=4.49), among others. The study further shows that the respondents were highly constrained by institutional, soil management, labour and training factors. The study recommends that the state government should ensure adequate provision of physical infrastructure such as good roads for easy transportation of farm produce and highlights the need for more female extension agents to be trained and employed so as to increase the number of extension workers available to rural women farmers. 




Even, if you have already published your research in Agriculture, in your career, still you can send it for screening/ nomination for Photon Research Award-2017. Your research article must already be published in any National or International Journal of repute. It can also be your research thesis (already submitted/ Co-/ supervised by you). Please visit archive for previous years awards.  You should send it as attached pdf file with your biography at: photonjournal@yahoo.com  
The last date is 31 December, 2017.  

Photon is indexing your contributions in 
Agriculture in terms of research, policy, academics, teaching, marketing and commercialization. You should submit your all scientific contributions at: photonjournal@yahoo.com for international listing and recognition. 
The last date is 31 December, 2017. 


Applications are invited for Certificate Program-2017 in Agriculture, authorized by  International Journal of Agriculture.

Qualification: Applicants must have published at least 2 research articles in peer reviewed international journals 
/ Patents, can enrol for the certificate program.
Duration & Structure of the Program: One month. The Candidates will be required to submit a review article on current trends and scope in the subject area at photonjournal@yahoo.com for publication at International Journal of Agriculture
Certificate Program is designed to cater Grade Promotion, recruitment, Funding, Tenure Extension, Fellowship, admission and appointments. Applicants should submit 2 scientific contributions, published at any International Journal of repute / Patents to : photonjournal@yahoo.com  as attachment to qualify for Certificate ProgramParticipants will be recognized as Resource Person/ Recognized Expert in concerned field/ Techniques. Teaching Faculties and Scientists can also enrol for Refresher Course.Candidates can enroll for the program through out year and will be awarded the certificate with in week. The last date is 31 December, 2017. 


Participants can join the Conference (Webinar) each month on related contents. Submit your Paper / Abstracts to present at Webinar before the end of each month at: photonjournal@yahoo.com  as attachment. The participants will be recognized with Certificates for paper presentation. 

Dates for Conference: 15 April, 15 May, 15 June, 15 July, 15 August, 15 September, 15 October, 15 November, 15 December- 2017
To Present your published/ unpublished paper, enroll at photonjournal@yahoo.com with abstract of paper/ research article/ case report/ review.


Photon Global Expo- 2017 
Photon Excellence Award-2017 acknowledges excellent services and products from Companies and service sector.

International Agency for Standards and Ratings (IASR) recognizes the products and services which demonstrates the calibre to transform and catalyze the domain with high standards. 
Product/ service reviews can be submitted at photonjournal@yahoo.com

Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria

International Journal of Agriculture is  Rank # 1 in World. 


International Journal of Agriculture is  World's Most Read Journal in the area of Agriculture and World's Highest Authority to publish peer reviewed research articles. Celebrating the Grand Leadership among all agricultural journals International Journal of Agriculture is inviting Research articles for Photon Innovations 2017 and Photon Research Awards. Submit us your research at photonjournal@yahoo.com for international peer reviewed publication. Peer review process takes approx 10 days. Accepted manuscripts are published within month instantly. 

Submit Your Manuscripts at: photonjournal@yahoo.com

Submission of eBooks and eBook Chapters/ Thesis: photonjournal@yahoo.com



Constraints to Rural Women in Family Farming in Benue State, Nigeria 


Mbah E.N.*a, Ezeano C.Ib, Onwusika A.I.c 


a Department of Agricultural Extension and Communication, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria

Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria 

c Department of Agricultural Technology, Federal Polytechnic Oko, Anambra state, Nigeria 


Keywords: 

Constraints, rural women, family, farming, Nigeria Abbreviations: FAO, NPC 


All Rights Reserved with Photon. Photon Ignitor: ISJN77582463D851728062017 


Citation:

Mbah E.N.*, Ezeano C.I, Onwusika A.I., 2017. Constraints to Rural Women in Family Farming in Benue State, Nigeria. International Journal of Agriculture. Photon 128, 436-441 


Abstract 

The study analyzed constraints to rural women in family farming in Benue state, Nigeria. Data were collected from a sample of one hundred and eighteen (118) respondents using questionnaire. Frequency, percentage, mean score and factor analysis were used for analyzing data collected for the study. Results indicate that the respondents obtained information mostly from informal sources which include friends (95.8%), relatives (95.8%), family members (93.2%), neighbors (77.1%), among others. Major constraints to rural women in family farming as indicated by the respondents include poor road network (M=4.86), poor extension agent-farmer contact (M=4.64), high incidence of pests and disease infestation (M=4.58), inadequate transport facilities (M=4.57), unavailability of labor saving technologies (M=4.57), low prices of farm produce (M=4.49), among others. The study further shows that the respondents were highly constrained by institutional, soil management, labour and training factors. The study recommends that the state government should ensure adequate provision of physical infrastructure such as good roads for easy transportation of farm produce and highlights the need for more female extension agents to be trained and employed so as to increase the number of extension workers available to rural women farmers. 




Even, if you have already published your research in Agriculture, in your career, still you can send it for screening/ nomination for Photon Research Award-2017. Your research article must already be published in any National or International Journal of repute. It can also be your research thesis (already submitted/ Co-/ supervised by you). Please visit archive for previous years awards.  You should send it as attached pdf file with your biography at: photonjournal@yahoo.com  
The last date is 31 December, 2017.  

Photon is indexing your contributions in 
Agriculture in terms of research, policy, academics, teaching, marketing and commercialization. You should submit your all scientific contributions at: photonjournal@yahoo.com for international listing and recognition. 
The last date is 31 December, 2017. 


Applications are invited for Certificate Program-2017 in Agriculture, authorized by  International Journal of Agriculture.

Qualification: Applicants must have published at least 2 research articles in peer reviewed international journals 
/ Patents, can enrol for the certificate program.
Duration & Structure of the Program: One month. The Candidates will be required to submit a review article on current trends and scope in the subject area at photonjournal@yahoo.com for publication at International Journal of Agriculture
Certificate Program is designed to cater Grade Promotion, recruitment, Funding, Tenure Extension, Fellowship, admission and appointments. Applicants should submit 2 scientific contributions, published at any International Journal of repute / Patents to : photonjournal@yahoo.com  as attachment to qualify for Certificate ProgramParticipants will be recognized as Resource Person/ Recognized Expert in concerned field/ Techniques. Teaching Faculties and Scientists can also enrol for Refresher Course.Candidates can enroll for the program through out year and will be awarded the certificate with in week. The last date is 31 December, 2017. 


Participants can join the Conference (Webinar) each month on related contents. Submit your Paper / Abstracts to present at Webinar before the end of each month at: photonjournal@yahoo.com  as attachment. The participants will be recognized with Certificates for paper presentation. 

Dates for Conference: 15 April, 15 May, 15 June, 15 July, 15 August, 15 September, 15 October, 15 November, 15 December- 2017
To Present your published/ unpublished paper, enroll at photonjournal@yahoo.com with abstract of paper/ research article/ case report/ review.


Photon Global Expo- 2017 
Photon Excellence Award-2017 acknowledges excellent services and products from Companies and service sector.

International Agency for Standards and Ratings (IASR) recognizes the products and services which demonstrates the calibre to transform and catalyze the domain with high standards. 
Product/ service reviews can be submitted at photonjournal@yahoo.com

Department of Agricultural Extension and Communication, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria

International Journal of Agriculture is  Rank # 1 in World. 


International Journal of Agriculture is  World's Most Read Journal in the area of Agriculture and World's Highest Authority to publish peer reviewed research articles. Celebrating the Grand Leadership among all agricultural journals International Journal of Agriculture is inviting Research articles for Photon Innovations 2017 and Photon Research Awards. Submit us your research at photonjournal@yahoo.com for international peer reviewed publication. Peer review process takes approx 10 days. Accepted manuscripts are published within month instantly. 

Submit Your Manuscripts at: photonjournal@yahoo.com

Submission of eBooks and eBook Chapters/ Thesis: photonjournal@yahoo.com



Constraints to Rural Women in Family Farming in Benue State, Nigeria 


Mbah E.N.*a, Ezeano C.Ib, Onwusika A.I.c 


a Department of Agricultural Extension and Communication, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria

Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria 

c Department of Agricultural Technology, Federal Polytechnic Oko, Anambra state, Nigeria 


Keywords: 

Constraints, rural women, family, farming, Nigeria Abbreviations: FAO, NPC 


All Rights Reserved with Photon. Photon Ignitor: ISJN77582463D851728062017 


Citation:

Mbah E.N.*, Ezeano C.I, Onwusika A.I., 2017. Constraints to Rural Women in Family Farming in Benue State, Nigeria. International Journal of Agriculture. Photon 128, 436-441 


Abstract 

The study analyzed constraints to rural women in family farming in Benue state, Nigeria. Data were collected from a sample of one hundred and eighteen (118) respondents using questionnaire. Frequency, percentage, mean score and factor analysis were used for analyzing data collected for the study. Results indicate that the respondents obtained information mostly from informal sources which include friends (95.8%), relatives (95.8%), family members (93.2%), neighbors (77.1%), among others. Major constraints to rural women in family farming as indicated by the respondents include poor road network (M=4.86), poor extension agent-farmer contact (M=4.64), high incidence of pests and disease infestation (M=4.58), inadequate transport facilities (M=4.57), unavailability of labor saving technologies (M=4.57), low prices of farm produce (M=4.49), among others. The study further shows that the respondents were highly constrained by institutional, soil management, labour and training factors. The study recommends that the state government should ensure adequate provision of physical infrastructure such as good roads for easy transportation of farm produce and highlights the need for more female extension agents to be trained and employed so as to increase the number of extension workers available to rural women farmers. 




Even, if you have already published your research in Agriculture, in your career, still you can send it for screening/ nomination for Photon Research Award-2017. Your research article must already be published in any National or International Journal of repute. It can also be your research thesis (already submitted/ Co-/ supervised by you). Please visit archive for previous years awards.  You should send it as attached pdf file with your biography at: photonjournal@yahoo.com  
The last date is 31 December, 2017.  

Photon is indexing your contributions in 
Agriculture in terms of research, policy, academics, teaching, marketing and commercialization. You should submit your all scientific contributions at: photonjournal@yahoo.com for international listing and recognition. 
The last date is 31 December, 2017. 


Applications are invited for Certificate Program-2017 in Agriculture, authorized by  International Journal of Agriculture.

Qualification: Applicants must have published at least 2 research articles in peer reviewed international journals 
/ Patents, can enrol for the certificate program.
Duration & Structure of the Program: One month. The Candidates will be required to submit a review article on current trends and scope in the subject area at photonjournal@yahoo.com for publication at International Journal of Agriculture
Certificate Program is designed to cater Grade Promotion, recruitment, Funding, Tenure Extension, Fellowship, admission and appointments. Applicants should submit 2 scientific contributions, published at any International Journal of repute / Patents to : photonjournal@yahoo.com  as attachment to qualify for Certificate ProgramParticipants will be recognized as Resource Person/ Recognized Expert in concerned field/ Techniques. Teaching Faculties and Scientists can also enrol for Refresher Course.Candidates can enroll for the program through out year and will be awarded the certificate with in week. The last date is 31 December, 2017. 


Participants can join the Conference (Webinar) each month on related contents. Submit your Paper / Abstracts to present at Webinar before the end of each month at: photonjournal@yahoo.com  as attachment. The participants will be recognized with Certificates for paper presentation. 

Dates for Conference: 15 April, 15 May, 15 June, 15 July, 15 August, 15 September, 15 October, 15 November, 15 December- 2017
To Present your published/ unpublished paper, enroll at photonjournal@yahoo.com with abstract of paper/ research article/ case report/ review.


Photon Global Expo- 2017 
Photon Excellence Award-2017 acknowledges excellent services and products from Companies and service sector.

International Agency for Standards and Ratings (IASR) recognizes the products and services which demonstrates the calibre to transform and catalyze the domain with high standards. 
Product/ service reviews can be submitted at photonjournal@yahoo.com